Reconnaissant que la radio communautaire est un moyen idéal de promouvoir la liberté d'expression et d'information, le développement de la culture, de la liberté de la forme et de confronter des opinions et la participation active à la vie locale; notant que les différentes cultures et traditions conduisent à diversité des formes d'une radio communautaire; Cette charte identifie les objectifs que les stations de radio communautaires devraient partager et tenter d'atteindre.

stations de radio communautaire:

1. promouvoir le droit de communiquer, aider la libre circulation des informations et des opinions, encourager l'expression créative et contribuer au processus démocratique et une société pluraliste;

2. fournir un accès à la formation, de production et de distribution; encourager les talents créatifs locaux et les traditions locales d'accueil; et de fournir des programmes pour le bénéfice, le divertissement, l'éducation et le développement de leurs auditeurs;

3. demander que leur représentant de propriété des communautés géographiquement identifiables locales ou des communautés d'intérêt commun;

4. sont éditorialement indépendant du gouvernement, des institutions commerciales et religieuses et les partis politiques dans la détermination de leur politique de programme;

5. fournir un droit d'accès aux groupes minoritaires et marginalisés et de promouvoir et de protéger la diversité culturelle et linguistique;

6. chercher à informer honnêtement leurs auditeurs sur la base de l'information tirée d'une diversité de sources et de fournir un droit de réponse à toute personne ou organisation assujettie à la présentation inexacte des faits graves;

7. sont établies comme des organisations qui ne sont pas exécutées en vue de tirer profit et d'assurer leur indépendance en étant financé à partir d'une variété de sources;

8. reconnaître et respecter la contribution des bénévoles, reconnaître le droit des travailleurs rémunérés à adhérer à des syndicats et de fournir des conditions de travail satisfaisantes pour les deux;

9. utiliser les pratiques de gestion, de programmation et de l'emploi qui opposent les discriminations et qui sont ouverts et responsables à tous les supporters, le personnel et les bénévoles;

10. favoriser les échanges entre les diffuseurs de radio communautaires utilisant les communications à développer une plus grande compréhension à l'appui de la paix, la tolérance, la démocratie et le développement.

Adoptée le 18 Septembre 1994 à Ljubljana, la Slovénie lors de la première Conférence AMARC paneuropéenne des radiodiffuseurs communautaires

Du 4 - 7 Juin 2019 LE équipe autour de la INTELLIGENT projet Erasmus + a tenu sa première formation de la formation des pilotes de formateur à Budapest, Hongrie. L'atelier de formation a accueilli 10 participants de la Hongrie, l'Allemagne, l'Autriche, la Suisse, la Suède, le Danemark, l'Irlande et le pays Bask pour tester et évaluer la formation développée et obtenir une rétroaction importante sur les prochaines étapes du développement des modules de formation. Europe et CMFE AMARC a présenté un document de travail sur la certification de la formation dans le contexte des médias communautaires. Voici quelques impressions du cours de formation à Budapest. Toutes les photos de Walther Moser (walt@mur.at)

Argentine membres AMARC réunion à Bahía Blanca

les membres se sont réunis AMARC Argentine au milieu de Juin à partager leurs connaissances, pratiques et réalités, et participer à des débats intenses autour du droit à la communication et l'Argentine actuelle.

The meeting ended on Monday, June 17, 2019 in Bahía Blanca, where FM De la Calle is located, a station that is about to celebrate its 30th anniversary and that received its first broadcasting license this year. During three days, having started on Saturday, radios from Cordoba, Mendoza, Buenos Aires, Chubut, Rio Negro, Santa Fe, La Pampa, Autonomous City of Buenos Aires and Jujuy, discussed how the acute economic situation to which the policies driven by the government of Macri are reflected in the daily realities of their work: the radios are affected by the same realities of the communities they have emanated: increasing taxation, loss of purchasing power, inflationary levels, housing deficit, general crisis of public education, health and culture systems.

« Pour cette raison et compte tenu de la diversité exprimée par les radios qui composent AMARC (Argentine), nous ratifions notre engagement ferme à redoubler tous les efforts, dans le cadre de cette situation économique, de garantir le droit de communiquer. Nous sommes des stations de radio communautaires que nous nous battons pour tous les jours. Nous le faisons dans différents airs, mais avec le même souffle « , a déclaré le Communiqué de presse Argentine AMARC.

L'Assemblée vient après AMARC la manifestation nationale organisée par les radios communautaires dans tout le pays de mettre en évidence l'inaction du gouvernement dans la mise en œuvre des accords avec les radios communautaires dans le pays le 2 mai 2019. Il y avait des manifestations devant les délégations gouvernementales à Córdoba, Mendoza y Ciudad de Buenos Aires.

“Ten years after the approval of the Audiovisual Communication Services Law, the Argentine state still does not comply with its own constitutional norms and mandates. Without community media there is no democracy and even the government did not articulate the necessary resources to grant the corresponding licenses to Community media, that is, to the communities of the Argentine territory. Likewise, Community Radios ratified the claim of the due public financing through competitive funds, which are established rights, in order that this right to communication has material possibilities of concrete development.

“On the other hand, for civil society in every corner of Argentina, it is important the functioning of the organizations that were born in order to ensure the common rights of the public, the audiences and the makers of community communication. In this regard, we express our deep concern over the progressive de-funding of the Public Defender’s Office. We demand from the government its immediate budgetary normalization so that it has the necessary resources to remplir les tâches pour lesquelles il a été créé « .



L'Assemblée a également décidé de AMARC ratifier sa position quant à la nécessité d'approfondir nos airs et nos pratiques grâce à une approche en perspective de genre et débats ont également consolidé leur organisation structurelle. « Nous célébrons les mesures prises pour plus de travail régional, dans un pays qui se déclare plurinational, hétérogène, multiculturel et diversifié, mais qui trouve encore difficile d'attribuer la même importance à tout lieu sur son territoire. »

« Ceci est d'ailleurs une invitation ouverte à tous les projets de communication communautaire et populaire de tout lieu: en AMARC il y a place pour chaque expression née de ce besoin de lutter pour le droit de communiquer et chaque expression à son tour est une partie constituante d'un collectif qui est l'ensemble dans chacune de ses parties.

« Dans un contexte hostile du point de vue macro-politique considérer que la communication est pas un droit mais une entreprise et nous proposons qu'il devrait être dans les mains des groupes concentrés de l'économie, nous appelons également à l'unité d'action et tous les réseaux de notre secteur. Nous voyons avec une profonde préoccupation que, à la veille des élections, le débat sur l'application de la loi sur les services de communication audiovisuelle et, avant, le concept même que la société a le droit de communication et d'information ne sont pas à l'ordre du jour des déclarations publiques à ce jour. Nous pensons qu'il est assez raison pour laquelle ce qui nous unit à tous les réseaux, notre vision de la communication comme un droit humain fondamental, nous conduit à unir et agir ensemble. »



The Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction is a biennial multi-stakeholder forum established by the UN General Assembly to review progress, share knowledge and discuss the latest developments and trends in reducing disaster risk.

The sixth session of the Global Platform for Disaster Risk Reduction (GP2019) took place in Geneva, Switzerland from 13 to 17 May, 2019, convened and organized by the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) and hosted by the Government of Switzerland.

In this framework, AMARC was invited to represent the community radio sector on the panel discussion, organized by WBU (Worldwide Broadcasting Unions), on the role of media in disaster risk reduction and how accurate and timely information through tv, radio and printed media could impact positively populations, preparing them against disasters and alerting them on increasing disaster risk.

The debate underlined the importance of the cooperation-in all phase of disaster risk management policies between media, governments and international agencies. From the perspective of community broadcasters, AMARC highlighted the double role of community media: gather information from local communities, sharing it with other actors on the ground, and addressing information to the communities, with coordinated messages and the use of local languages.

During or just after natural disasters, as a matter of fact, despite the need to increase the information flow, AMARC registered the trend to decrease it. This is due to a variety of reasons:. Radio stations might have been affected by the disaster (studio, or broadcasting devices, mainly antenna system and tower), or the personnel of the radio station might have been affected, directly or indirectly (family, friends etc..), and therefore it can have less time for the radio activities

The issue of IDPs, Internal Displaced People is not secondary: personnel of the radio station can move from one place to another within the country. (ex: people from Port au Prince was moving back to their original provinces in other cities, after the disaster of 2010).

For local commercial stations the problems are exactly the same. Even if the radio or the personnel have not been directly affected, the local advertisement mechanism decreases, and therefore some stations are obliged to stop or reduce the broadcasting hours due to a decrease of income. Last but not least, power supply can be very problematic

Nowadays, AMARC, with a variety of partners from the journalistic, technical, civil society and academic sector, is exploring new technologies available to support the role of media in disaster risk reduction. Within the Grassroots Wavelenghts project (EU H2020 program), new possibilities are in place through:

  • Strong interaction between mobile telephony and traditional radio through the RootIo mechanism, an open source platform, telephone application and radio management system, with a strong capacity to enhance listeners participation, remote control mechanisms for traditional radio programming, messaging possibilities etc..
  • TTS technologies: Text To Speech technologies and their use for radio are increasingly interesting, in especially if related to public service announcements, real time messaging on radio and a variety of messages to be provided in real time through text (cell phones) and audio, through radios.


According to the Grassroot Radio project partner involved in TTS research and technology, CEREPROC, the development process is quite advanced for “traditional” widespread languages (English, French, Russian etc..). Doing regional accents is quite easy and building a voice could be done in a couple of days if the major language component is already done. For new languages it is still quite time consuming, around 6-12 months to do a decent job avoiding errors.

Some final recommendations have been submitted by AMARC to UNDRR and WBU. First of all, an emergency fund needs to be in place to support community radios in times of disasters. Emergency broadcasting is a challenge in urban and semi urban locations i.e. in Asia-Pacific due to the over use of spectrum. For this reason, clear policy guideline should ensure the collaboration between broadcasters and telecommunication service providers at times of disaster, Finally, there is the need to foster policies and practices of cooperation among different types of broadcasters, Public Service Broadcasters, commercial and community radios.

AMARC Europe reacted to the amendment of the Austrian private broadcasting fund with a statement. Read the full statement in English below or download the statement in Anglais ou Allemand

To

Austrian Federal Ministry European Union, Art, Culture and Media

Ballhausplatz 2

1010 Vienna

Autriche

Brussels, 23RD May 2019

Increase of the Private Broadcasting Fund and Amendment of the KommAustria Act of 6 May 2019

Dear Mr Blümel,

Dear Federal Government of the Republic of Austria,

AMARC Europe (Association Mondiale des Radiodiffuseurs Communautaires Europe) is the European representation of the World Association of Community Radios. Community Radios are non-commercial, locally embedded and non-profit organisations that promote freedom of expression and democratic participation, impart media skills and contribute to a pluralistic media landscape. These are initiatives that strengthen civil society especially minorities who have no voice in the mainstream media. The Community Media sector is internationally recognised as the third media sector alongside the public and private commercial media sector

AMARC is a global Community Radio network with 4,000 members including radio stations, interest groups and associations in more than 130 countries. In Europe, the network consists of more than 300 members (radio stations and national interest groups) in 23 countries. AMARC advocates for the right to communicate at the international, national and local level and promotes the interests of community radios as a fundamental aspect of media pluralism, the promotion of democracy and social participation.

Therefore, we observe with concern the current developments in Austria. The sole increase of the financial means for the promotion of the private commercial media sector stands in contrast to the findings and the appreciations the community media have experienced as an integral part of vital democracies on a European and international level. In this context, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe 2018 in its Recommendation CM/Rec(2018)1 under item 2.11. advocates the promotion and expansion of community media structures:

“States should encourage and support the establishment and functioning of minority, regional, local and not-for-profit community media, including by providing financial mechanisms to foster their development. Such independent media give a voice to communities and individuals on topics relevant to their needs and interests, and are thus instrumental in creating public exposure for issues that may not be represented in the mainstream media and in facilitating inclusive and participatory processes of dialogue within and across communities and at regional and local levels.”

The European Parliament states on the role of community media in the European Union in its resolution on media pluralism and freedom (2017/2209(INI)) under point 1 on 3 May 2018:

“The European Parliament calls on the Member States to take appropriate measures, including ensuring adequate public funding, to safeguard and promote a pluralist, independent and free media landscape in the service of democratic society, including the independence and sustainability of public service media and community media and grassroots media, which are crucial elements of a favourable environment for guaranteeing the fundamental right to freedom of expression and information”.

Thus, AMARC Europe demands a strong commitment of the Austrian Federal Government to support the non-commercial media sector in Austria and to value its contributions to social cohesion, strengthening democratic structures, access to information and freedom of expression.

Thus, AMARC Europe fully supports the demands of the Federation of Community Radios in Austria (VFRÖ – Verband Freier Radios Österreich) and calls for an increase of the fund for the promotion of non-commercial broadcasting from €3 million to €5.5 million in order to guarantee the safeguarding and expansion of non-commercial broadcasting in Austria, media diversity, low-threshold access to local media and information offerings and the mediation of critical media skills.

In this context, AMARC Europe offers its extensive expertise to contribute to the promotion of the community radio sector in Austria and welcomes an answer to this statement.

Yours sincerely

AMARC Europe