Reconnaissant que la radio communautaire est un moyen idéal de promouvoir la liberté d'expression et d'information, le développement de la culture, la liberté de forme et de confronter des opinions et la participation active à la vie locale; notant que les différentes cultures et traditions conduisent à la diversité des formes de la radio communautaire; Cette charte identifie les objectifs qui stations de radio communautaires devraient partager et tenter d'atteindre.

stations de radio communautaire:

1. promouvoir le droit à la communication, aider la libre circulation des informations et des opinions, encourager l'expression créative et contribuer au processus démocratique et une société pluraliste;

2. fournir l'accès à la formation, production et de distribution; encourager les talents créatifs locaux et promouvoir les traditions locales; et offrir des programmes à l'intention, divertissement, l'éducation et le développement de leurs auditeurs;

3. demander que leur représentant de propriété des communautés, la reconnaissance locale ou des communautés d'intérêt commun;

4. éditorialement indépendant du gouvernement, institutions commerciales et religieuses et des partis politiques dans la détermination de leur politique de programme;

5. fournir un droit d'accès aux minorités et les groupes marginalisés et de promouvoir et protéger la diversité culturelle et linguistique;

6. chercher à informer honnêtement leurs auditeurs sur la base d'informations tirées d'une diversité de sources et de fournir un droit de réponse à toute personne ou organisme soumis au fausses déclarations;

7. sont établis comme des organisations qui ne sont pas gérés avec un but lucratif et d'assurer leur indépendance en étant financé par une variété de sources;

8. reconnaître et respecter la contribution des bénévoles, reconnaître le droit des travailleurs salariés à adhérer à des syndicats et des conditions de travail satisfaisantes pour les deux;

9. fonctionner gestion, pratiques de programmation et d'emploi qui opposent les discriminations et qui sont ouverts et responsables à tous les supporters, personnel et les bénévoles;

10. favoriser les échanges entre les radiodiffuseurs communautaires utilisant la communication pour développer une plus grande compréhension à l'appui de la paix, tolérance, la démocratie et le développement.

Adopté le 18 Septembre 1994 et Ljubljana, Slovénie lors de la première conférence de l'AMARC paneuropéen des radiodiffuseurs communautaires

À partir de 4 – 7 Juin 2019 l'équipe autour du INTELLIGENT Le projet Erasmus + a organisé sa première formation de formateur pilote à Budapest, Hongrie. L'atelier de formation organisé 10 les participants de la Hongrie, Allemagne, Autriche, Suisse, Suède, Danemark, L'Irlande et le pays basque pour tester et évaluer la formation développée et obtenir des commentaires importants sur les prochaines étapes du développement des modules de formation. AMARC Europe et CMFE ont présenté un document de travail sur la certification de la formation dans le contexte des médias communautaires. Voici quelques impressions de la formation à Budapest. Toutes les images de Walther Moser (walt@mur.at)

Argentine membres AMARC réunion à Bahía Blanca

AMARC Argentina members gathered in the middle of June to share knowledge, pratiques et réalités, et participer à des débats intenses autour du droit à la notification et le courant Argentine.

La réunion a pris fin le lundi, Juin 17, 2019  in Bahía Blanca, where FM De la Calle is located, a station that is about to celebrate its 30th anniversary and that received its first broadcasting license this year. During three days, having started on Saturday, radios from Cordoba, Mendoza, Buenos Aires, Chubut, Rio Negro, Santa Fe, La Pampa, Autonomous City of Buenos Aires and Jujuy, discussed how the acute economic situation to which the policies driven by the government of Macri are reflected in the daily realities of their work: the radios are affected by the same realities of the communities they have emanated: increasing taxation, loss of purchasing power, inflationary levels, housing deficit, general crisis of public education, health and culture systems.

“For this reason and considering the rich diversity expressed by the radios that make up AMARC (Argentine) we ratify our strong commitment to redouble all efforts, within the framework of this economic situation, to guarantee the right to communicate. We are community radio stations that we fight for daily. We do in different airs but with the same breath,” said the AMARC Argentina Press Release.

L'Assemblée vient après AMARC la manifestation nationale organisée par les radios communautaires dans tout le pays to highlight the government inaction in the implementation of the agreements with the Community Radios in the country on 2 Mai 2019. There were protests outside the government delegations in Córdoba, Mendoza y Ciudad de Buenos Aires.

“Ten years after the approval of the Audiovisual Communication Services Law, the Argentine state still does not comply with its own constitutional norms and mandates. Without community media there is no democracy and even the government did not articulate the necessary resources to grant the corresponding licenses to Community media, that is, to the communities of the Argentine territory. Également, Community Radios ratified the claim of the due public financing through competitive funds, which are established rights, in order that this right to communication has material possibilities of concrete development.

“On the other hand, for civil society in every corner of Argentina, it is important the functioning of the organizations that were born in order to ensure the common rights of the public, the audiences and the makers of community communication. In this regard, we express our deep concern over the progressive de-funding of the Public Defender’s Office. We demand from the government its immediate budgetary normalization so that it has the necessary resources to remplir les tâches pour lesquelles il a été créé « .



The AMARC assembly also decided to ratify its position regarding the need to deepen our airs and our practices through a gender perspective approach and also consolidated debates about their structural organisation.  “We celebrate the steps taken towards greater regional work, in a country that declares itself plurinational, heterogeneous, multicultural and diverse, but which still finds it difficult to assign the same importance to any place in its territory.”

“This is, moreover, an open invitation to every communal and popular communication project of any place: in AMARC there is room for every expression born of this need to struggle for the right to communicate and each expression à son tour is a constituent part of a collective that is the whole in each of its parts.

« Dans un contexte hostile du point de vue macro-politique considérer que la communication est pas un droit mais une entreprise and propose that it should be in the hands of concentrated groups of the economy, we also call for unity of action and all the networks in our sector. We see with deep concern that, on election eve, the debate on the application of the Audiovisual Communication Services Law and, avant, the very concept that society has the right to communication and information is not on the agenda of the public statements so far. We believe that it is enough reason why what unites us to all networks, our vision of communication as a fundamental human right, leads us to unite and act together.”



La Plate-forme mondiale pour la réduction des risques de catastrophe est un forum multipartite biennal créé par l'Assemblée générale de l'ONU pour examiner les progrès, partager leurs connaissances et discuter des derniers développements et tendances en matière de réduction des risques de catastrophe.

La sixième session de la Plate-forme mondiale pour la réduction des risques de catastrophe (GP2019) a eu lieu à Genève, Suisse de 13 à 17 Mai, 2019, convened and organized by the UN Office for Disaster Risk Reduction (UNDRR) and hosted by the Government of Switzerland.

Dans ce cadre, AMARC was invited to represent the community radio sector on the panel discussion, organized by WBU (Worldwide Broadcasting Unions), on the role of media in disaster risk reduction and how accurate and timely information through tv, radio and printed media could impact positively populations, preparing them against disasters and alerting them on increasing disaster risk.

The debate underlined the importance of the cooperation-in all phase of disaster risk management policies between media, governments and international agencies. From the perspective of community broadcasters, AMARC highlighted the double role of community media: gather information from local communities, sharing it with other actors on the ground, and addressing information to the communities, with coordinated messages and the use of local languages.

During or just after natural disasters, as a matter of fact, despite the need to increase the information flow, AMARC registered the trend to decrease it. This is due to a variety of reasons:. Radio stations might have been affected by the disaster (studio, or broadcasting devices, mainly antenna system and tower), or the personnel of the radio station might have been affected, directly or indirectly (family, friends etc..), and therefore it can have less time for the radio activities

The issue of IDPs, Internal Displaced People is not secondary: personnel of the radio station can move from one place to another within the country. (à partir de: people from Port au Prince was moving back to their original provinces in other cities, after the disaster of 2010).

For local commercial stations the problems are exactly the same. Even if the radio or the personnel have not been directly affected, the local advertisement mechanism decreases, and therefore some stations are obliged to stop or reduce the broadcasting hours due to a decrease of income. Enfin et surtout, power supply can be very problematic

Nowadays, AMARC, with a variety of partners from the journalistic, technique, civil society and academic sector, is exploring new technologies available to support the role of media in disaster risk reduction. Within the Grassroots Wavelenghts project (EU H2020 program), new possibilities are in place through:

  • Strong interaction between la téléphonie mobile et la radio traditionnelle through the RootIo mechanism, an open source platform, telephone application and radio management system, with a strong capacity to enhance listeners participation, remote control mechanisms for traditional radio programming, messaging possibilities etc..
  • TTS technologies: Text To Speech technologies and their use for radio are increasingly interesting, in especially if related to public service announcements, real time messaging on radio and a variety of messages to be provided in real time through text (cell phones) and audio, through radios.


According to the Grassroot Radio project partner involved in TTS research and technology, CEREPROC, the development process is quite advanced for “traditional” widespread languages (Anglais, Français, Russian etc..). Doing regional accents is quite easy and building a voice could be done in a couple of days if the major language component is already done. For new languages it is still quite time consuming, around 6-12 months to do a decent job avoiding errors.

Some final recommendations have been submitted by AMARC to UNDRR and WBU. First of all, an emergency fund needs to be in place to support community radios in times of disasters. Emergency broadcasting is a challenge in urban and semi urban locations i.e. in Asia-Pacific due to the over use of spectrum. For this reason, clear policy guideline should ensure the collaboration between broadcasters and telecommunication service providers at times of disaster, Enfin, there is the need to foster policies and practices of cooperation among different types of broadcasters, Public Service Broadcasters, commercial and community radios.

L'Europe a réagi à AMARC la modification du fonds de la radiodiffusion privée autrichienne avec une déclaration. Read the full statement in English below or download the statement in Anglais ou Allemand

To

Austrian Federal Ministry European Union, Art, Culture and Media

Ballhausplatz 2

1010 Vienna

Autriche

Bruxelles, 23RD Mai 2019

Augmentation du Fonds radiodiffusion privée et Modification de la Loi sur KommAustria de 6 Mai 2019

Monsieur Blümel,

Dear Federal Government of the Republic of Austria,

AMARC Europe (Association Mondiale des Radiodiffuseurs Communautaires Europe) is the European representation of the World Association of Community Radios. Community Radios are non-commercial, locally embedded and non-profit organisations that promote freedom of expression and democratic participation, impart media skills and contribute to a pluralistic media landscape. These are initiatives that strengthen civil society especially minorities who have no voice in the mainstream media. The Community Media sector is internationally recognised as the third media sector alongside the public and private commercial media sector

AMARC is a global Community Radio network with 4,000 members including radio stations, interest groups and associations in more than 130 pays. In Europe, the network consists of more than 300 membres (radio stations and national interest groups) dans 23 pays. AMARC advocates for the right to communicate at the international, national and local level and promotes the interests of community radios as a fundamental aspect of media pluralism, the promotion of democracy and social participation.

Donc, we observe with concern the current developments in Austria. The sole increase of the financial means for the promotion of the private commercial media sector stands in contrast to the findings and the appreciations the community media have experienced as an integral part of vital democracies on a European and international level. Dans ce contexte,, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe 2018 in its Recommendation CM/Rec(2018)1 under item 2.11. advocates the promotion and expansion of community media structures:

States should encourage and support the establishment and functioning of minority, régional, local and not-for-profit community media, including by providing financial mechanisms to foster their development. Such independent media give a voice to communities and individuals on topics relevant to their needs and interests, and are thus instrumental in creating public exposure for issues that may not be represented in the mainstream media and in facilitating inclusive and participatory processes of dialogue within and across communities and at regional and local levels.

The European Parliament states on the role of community media in the European Union in its resolution on media pluralism and freedom (2017/2209(CE)) under point 1 sur 3 Mai 2018:

The European Parliament calls on the Member States to take appropriate measures, including ensuring adequate public funding, to safeguard and promote a pluralist, independent and free media landscape in the service of democratic society, including the independence and sustainability of public service media and community media and grassroots media, which are crucial elements of a favourable environment for guaranteeing the fundamental right to freedom of expression and information”.

Donc, AMARC Europe demands a strong commitment of the Austrian Federal Government to support the non-commercial media sector in Austria and to value its contributions to social cohesion, strengthening democratic structures, access to information and freedom of expression.

Donc, AMARC Europe fully supports the demands of the Federation of Community Radios in Austria (VFRO – Verband Freier Radios Österreich) and calls for an increase of the fund for the promotion of non-commercial broadcasting from €3 million to €5.5 million in order to guarantee the safeguarding and expansion of non-commercial broadcasting in Austria, media diversity, low-threshold access to local media and information offerings and the mediation of critical media skills.

Dans ce contexte,, AMARC Europe offers its extensive expertise to contribute to the promotion of the community radio sector in Austria and welcomes an answer to this statement.

Yours sincerely

AMARC Europe