Les médias éthiques pour une citoyenneté active (EMAC) projet: Un journalisme éthique et responsable
La prolifération des médias et les nouveaux technologies a entraîné des changements et des défis décisifs pour les processus et comportement de communication. Le changement dans le paysage médiatique a également eu un impact sur le rôle et les, responsabilités professionnelles et éthiques des journalistes. Ces changements dans le rôle des médias dans la vie des citoyens a souligné l'importance d'un reportage médiatique responsable.
Media communicators and audiences now face the task to separate facts from fiction in media texts. Cependant, it is the responsibility of journalists and broadcasters in traditional and online media to consider the elements that they introduce in the content they are producing, the language that they use and the message they are trying to convene. There have been initiatives spearheaded by journalists and media organisations (BBC, The Guardian…) to go back to the essence of journalism by retaking the task of fact checking, and applying what is consider the five core principles of ethical journalism: truth and accuracy; independence; fairness and impartiality; humanity; et la responsabilité. (voir Réseau éthique Journaliste)
The Ethical Media for Active Citizenship (EMAC) project aims to develop a training course delivering media literacy tools while providing citizens and media activists with valuable competences to face very topical challenges presented to both, media producers and audiences (fake news/alternative facts, infopublicités vs. information, freedom of speech and hate speech, diversity and pluralism in media, production values and content placement). The project is coordinated by NEAR FM (Irlande) et le partenariat comprend Radio Corax (Halle, Allemagne), Radio Wüste Welle (Tübingen, Allemagne), Commit (Autriche), EMARTV (Andalousie, Espagne) et AMARC Europe (Bruxelles, Belgique).
So far, the partners have put together a Guidelines and Terminology document, selected relevant activities that focus on the reinforcement of a diversity approach to journalistic and production skills. Some of the activities have been already trialled in pilot training workshops in Germany, Autriche, Ireland and Spain. We are now facing the final stage of the project, where all the information and activities will be translated into the languages of the partnership (Allemand, Spanish and English and then uploaded to an en ligne plate-forme de formation that will be accessible to the general public and that could be used as a e-learning tool or as a training resource.
As part of the project, partners will also produce eight radio programmes dealing with the issue of fact accuracy, fake news and ethical and responsible journalism that will be uploaded in the website and that could be used as training resources in each country.