AMARC Europe veut se joindre à la voix et le soutien de nos collègues des médias communautaires en Europe au Mexique, que cette semaine pleurent la mort de l'activiste radio communautaire Rafael Murúa Manriquez. Ci-dessous, nous reproduisons le communiqué de presse émis par Mexique AMARC et Article 19 au Mexique.

Mexico, le 21 Janvier, 2019.- journaliste communautaire Rafael Murúa Manrique, directeur de radio communautaire Radio Kashana et membre de l'Association mondiale des radiodiffuseurs communautaires (AMARC), qui transmet de la communauté de Santa Rosalia, Basse-Californie du Sud, a été disparu et assassiné par des sujets inconnus le 20 Janvier 2019. Depuis 2 ans, il avait été victime de les agressions et les menaces et avaient eu des mesures de protection des autorités fédérales.

According to information collected by ARTICLE 19 and AMARC Mexico, through a relative whose name is kept anonymous for security reasons, the journalist had contact for the last time at around 20:00 hrs. of January 19. “Rafael called me to ask if everything was fine. I did not know more until at 2:00 hrs. (of the following day) I received the visit of a person (whose name is also omitted for security), who supposedly was with Rafael and who informed me that they had taken him away “.

This person saw Rafael for the last time, when he got out of the journalist’s car to enter a building for a few moments. When he came back, he saw the doors open and the engine still on, while a man was fleeing from the place.

Rafael avait été victime d'agressions et de menaces en raison de son travail en tant que communicateur depuis 2017. Ces derniers ont été aggravées depuis le 1er Juin de cette année, quand une personne qui serait lié au crime organisé a commencé à envoyer des messages intimidants exigeant qu'un poste au sujet d'une personne condamnée être supprimé et que les nouvelles contre le secrétaire de la Marine (Semar) devrait être publié.

According to the documentation of ARTICLE 19, the person who intimidated him at that time told Rafael that as soon as he eliminated the posthe could “go on to collect”(be paid). The journalist replied that he was not going to get into this matter, either in favour or against it, to which his interlocutor answered with a voice message: “I’m not asking you for a favour, I’m telling you to upload it, journalist!” from that moment, Rafael decided to self-censor himself, move temporarily outside his municipality with the support of AMARC Mexico and request his incorporation to the Protection Mechanism for Human Rights Defenders and Journalists.

Ses parents ont indiqué que le mécanisme de protection fédéral, du ministère de l'Intérieur (Segob), attribué certaines mesures d'infrastructure dans sa maison et un bouton d'aide, cependant, jusqu'à aujourd'hui, ils ne sont pas complètement installées. Après une période déplacée en 2017, Rafael a décidé de retourner dans sa ville natale pour poursuivre le projet Radio Kashana.

Subsequently, on October 29, 2018, he published on his page #Gonzolador that he was being threatened by the municipal president of Mulegé, Felipe Prado, from a published article entitled “Public Safety does not matter to Felipe Prado”


In this blog, the journalist denounced that after the publication of that post, in the night “they were warning me that they were going to assassinate me soon. Two days later a crowd of adults knocked loudly, repeatedly, the bars of the garage of my home. Immediately at the other end of the house a bullet broke one of the windows on the second floor.”

From this, relatives confirmed that Rafael constantly affirmed that he was afraid. “He even told me that he was sure they wanted to disappear and kill him. This was in December 2018, but he was not convinced to leave because he did not want to leave community radio. “

It should be noted that the Attorney General’s Office of Baja California Sur issued a statement last night where it reported the finding of a lifeless body at kilometer 40 of the Santa Rosalía-San Ignacio road stretch, in the municipality of Mulegé, identifying Rafael Murder as the victim. In it, the state Attorney General said that “they proceeded to the insurance, packaging and registration in chain of custody of three packages with green and dry vegetable, with the characteristics of marijuana and other evidence.”

ARTICLE 19 and AMARC Chapter Mexico condemn the statement issued by the Baja California Sur Attorney’s Office, which points out and emphasizes the alleged finding of “marijuana” when it finds the body of Rafael Murúa. This pronouncement constitutes a stigmatising official discourse, tending to criminalise the victim and omits the fact that
Murúa a travaillé en tant que journaliste, ainsi que les menaces qu'il a subies et qui étaient pleins connus par l'État.

Similarly, while in the initial statement the Attorney General affirmed that the journalist’s body was found with “various perforations in the thorax”, hours later the same Attorney General affirmed at a press conference that Murúa was found with a bullet shot to the head. These inconsistencies indicate the lack of rigor of the investigation and are a violation of the right of the journalist’s relatives to know the truth.

President Lopez Obrador in his first days of government said that “we will give protection to all citizens and journalists.” Facts such as those of the journalist Rafael Murúa, do not give clear signals to comply with their obligations of prevention and protection for journalists in the country.

Dans une lettre ouverte aux autorités mexicaines, AMARC Mexique exige que le gouvernement fédéral dirigé par Andrés Manuel López Obrador révèle immédiatement la stratégie définie pour assurer une politique d'État qui empêche, protège, enquête et répare les dégâts des crimes et violations des droits de l'homme commises à l'encontre des défenseurs des droits humains et des journalistes.

As Mexico is one of the countries with the highest number of murders of journalists in the world, the federal government has a high responsibility in guaranteeing protection to journalists, so that they can carry out their work without any type of intimidation, threats or any aggression. It is vital that comprehensive policies are adopted with preventive approaches but also the fight against impunity will be a totally essential factor in the face of this problem.

ARTICLE 19 et AMARC Chapitre Mexique exigent que le gouvernement de la Basse-Californie du Sud, dirigée par Carlos Mendoza Davis, ainsi que les autorités de la municipalité de Mulegé, de se conformer pleinement, efficacement et sans exception, avec ses obligations de protéger et de garantir la liberté de expression et le travail journalistique dans l'état, la mise en œuvre des recommandations individuelles, mais aussi structurelles DELA Commission nationale des droits de l'homme 91/2018, ainsi que ceux émis dans la recommandation générale 24/2016, visant à tous les gouvernements étatiques et municipales à prendre des mesures pour garantir la vie, l'intégrité, la liberté et la sécurité des journalistes en danger.

Likewise, we urge the Special Prosecutor’s Office for the Attention of Crimes Committed against Freedom of Expression, to exercise its power of attraction regarding the disappearance and subsequent deprivation of the life of community journalists Rafael Murúa Manríquez, and to investigate the facts with diligence, efficiency and comprehensiveness, taking as its main line of investigation its journalistic work and the aggressions previously denounced.

Enfin, le mécanisme de protection fédéral est tenu de rendre compte des actions et omissions générées par ladite institution dans le cas, ainsi que pour garantir la vie, la liberté, l'intégrité et la sécurité de la famille de Rafael Murúa, ainsi que du journalistes proches de lui. la.

De 2000 à ce jour, ARTICLE 19 a documenté un total de 122 journalistes tués au Mexique. Juste deux mois après que le gouvernement de Andrés Manuel López Obrador a commencé, il y a eu deux meurtres avec un lien probable de son travail: Jesús Alejandro Márquez Nayarit, le 2 Décembre 2018, et Rafael Murúa Manríquez, le 20 Janvier, 2019, en Baja California Sur.